The Munich Agreement Bbc Bitesize

Neville Chamberlain, the British Prime Minister, wanted to avoid war. He felt that this could be done through negotiation, agreements and diplomacy. His policy was to appease Hitler, which generally meant giving in to Hitler`s territorial demands. September 29-30, 1938 – Britain, France, Germany and Italy meet in Munich. It was essential that Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union were not present. The four countries accepted the German occupation of the Sudetenland from 1 to 10 October. German troops occupy the Sudetenland. Britain and France have adopted a policy of appeasement. Neville Chamberlain returned to Britain and claimed that he had made peace in our time. However, after the agreement, Britain and France accelerated their own weapons plans. Chamberlain`s assertion proved to be a false hope, for in the year following the end of world war, the Second World War had begun. The best-known example of appeasement is Chamberlain`s signing of the Munich Agreement, which led Germany to withdraw the Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia. Chamberlain hoped that this would be the end of Hitler`s claims, although other politicians like Churchill warned differently.

The Munich agreement was concluded only with the Sudeten Germans. Of the 2 million Germans who live in Bohemia and Moravia, he said nothing. Hitler moved to place it under German control. May 30, 1938 – Hitler orders the destruction of Czechoslovakia by October 1. The German occupation of Czechoslovakia was the last concession of the policy of appeasement. Hitler`s pacts with Italy and the Soviet Union gave him the confidence to invade Poland. This act led Britain to declare war. May 1939: The signing of the Steel Pact in May 1939 shows that Germany and Italy are ready to help each other in a war. This confirmed the aggressiveness of Germany and Italy. The Italian invasion of Abyssinia (1935) and the events of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) had led many left to question whether pacifism was the right response to the use of force by the fascist powers. Hitler turned to Czechoslovakia after his triumph.

He wanted to dismember this democratic country by all means necessary. Czechoslovakia was a member of the League of Nations and allied with France and the Soviet Union. However, there were large minorities in Czechoslovakia. There were 3 million Germans in the Sudetenland. This implies that Britain did not become “hard” against Germany when it re-armed and invaded the Rhineland, and its invasion of Czechoslovakia. Our advice from experts and survivors will help. Under the Soviet Nazi pact, Hitler knew that the Soviet Union would not put Poland in his path. On September 1, 1939, German troops invaded Poland. Chamberlain made the Munich agreement with Hitler to prevent the war, but in the year following September 1938, several factors put him under pressure to abandon his policy of appeasement: Chamberlain was popular and greeted by cheering crowds who believed they had avoided war.

He was invited to Buckingham Palace by the king and queen. In September 1938 the Munich agreement gave Hitler the Sudetenland. The Czechs were not asked what they thought. Hitler occupied Sudentenland the following month. Leaders such as British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and Frenchman Edouard Daladier have tried a policy of appeasement – negotiations with Hitler and concessions. Germany has grown and gained valuable resources, because Czechoslovakia was rich in coal and had the huge armament factory of Skoda. March 1939: Germany invades the rest of Czechoslovakia. It was clear that Hitler could not be able to keep his word. With the same tactic as in other cases, he claimed that the Germans were being treated unfairly.